Tennis is one of the popular sports that we love to watch and play. A lot of people around the world were excited about the Australian Open final between Roger Federer and Rafa Nadal; what was considered as the dream match. It was on the famous hard court in Australia, players play on different courts all over the globe, the most famous ones include grass, hard and clay courts. Ever wondered how are these courts made? Well I have, let’s see what some basic tennis court construction basics are.
The time and effort invested in the planning and then construction of a tennis court may determine the playing ability and long life it will have for the next 20 years. A section of land measuring up to 60 wide by 120 long has to be provided. There should be a proper drainage system that’s why experts tell us that the court has to have 1% slope. It should be oriented north to south the science behind is that players can play when the sun is rising in the morning and falling in the afternoon. The base has to be well made, fencing, windscreen, lighting of the court, the net used can be altered according to your personal taste.
Some factors that need to be considered include the location and the condition of the land. This determines what type of base court can be constructed. The flatter the land is the less expensive is the construction on it. As its common sense that hilly areas will require more work. To keep the court dry and away from water there has to be a proper drainage system in place, the Australian open courts took only 10 minutes to get all the water out of a number of hours of rain. The local climate will have an impact, all acrylic surfaces are temperature sensitive.
Before construction building permits have to be taken; such as electrical and general construction permits. The base of the court may differ it could have a concrete or an asphalt base, concrete would last longer but will be more expensive and rough than an asphalt one. A court can have a cushion surface or a hard surface. Experts believe that around 4 to 5 layers of textured and colored acrylic paint are applied to a concrete or asphalt surface. Now moving on there are indoor courts, which use clay, turf and acrylic hard or acrylic cushion surfaces under covers and rooftops.
Clay courts are made of crushed shale, stone and bricks. It includes the red clay and green clay. They require daily maintenance but provides the players with the advantage of the slide, just ask Nadal how he likes the clay court; known as the clay court master. A turf curt has synthetic grass surface, and is a little similar to grass courts, on the other hand grass courts are the pioneers of tennis surfaces, quite expensive due to maintenance and now aren’t that popular in the USA. The famous grass court which comes to mind is at Wimbledon.
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